Queimada is a Galician ritual to ward off evil spirits. It is believed to be an ancient Celtic tradition that has been passed down through the ages. Though some would say that this ‘tradition’ was only established in the 1950’s when Tito Freire designed the clay pot that is now used for this ceremony.
The spell that is widely used today was written by Mariano Marcos Abalo in the 1960s. Hence adds to the speculation that this is not as old a tradition as you might think. However, many Celtic traditions are oral traditions so would not have been written down and would have had their own localisations to any ritual. Adding to the argument that this is an ancient Celtic tradition!
The Queimada Ritual
Now imagine, it is night time, you have enjoyed a wonderful hearty meal of traditional Galician dishes and are enjoying the crisp night air. The night sky is clear; the stars are bright as is the moon. A cloud slowly covers the moon dipping the night into further darkness. Anticipation can be felt in the air as you gather around. Now is the time for the Queimada.
The Queimada clay pot, representing Mother Earth, is filled with the potion of Orujo to represent the element of water and the tears of Mother Earth. To then make them bittersweet like many tears are coffee beans, lemon peel and sugar are added.
The master of ceremonies, embodying the role of a Druid priest, then takes the long-handled ladle and fills it with the potion, and sets the contents on fire transforming it to represent the element of light.
Slowly moving the ladle back down to the potion in the clay pot the flame will spill over the edge of the ladle and the potion catches fire. A bright blue flame dances on top of the liquid. The ladle is lifted high above the clay pot spilling the liquid back into the pot only to be dipped back in again and again. Creating a fountain effect of blue and amber burning liquid that mesmerises as the spell is recanted.
A Galician tradition on your Camino
Conjuring the spirits the spell ends with:
And when this beverage goes down our throats, we will get free of the evil of our soul and of any charm. Forces of air, earth, sea and fire, to you I make this call: if it’s true that you have more power than people, here and now, make the spirits of the friends who are outside, take part with us in this Queimada.
As silence falls a lid is put on the clay pot which makes the flames die and closes the connection with the other world! Left behind is a warming drink to be shared among those present for those that are not. It is claimed that the first sip of the Queimada purifies the soul by banishing out evil spirits. The second sip will cleanse the mind of prejudices, and the third will give rise to passion. So drink with caution!
If you are lucky you may get to experience this wonderful Galician tradition on your Camino. However, if you want to perhaps experience this at home the following recipe can be used:
Note: This drink is not for the faint of heart, drink with caution.
Need: Fireproof clay pot Long wooden ladle ¼ cup of coffee beans 4 tablespoons sugar A bottle of oruju (or Italian Grappa) Coffee beans Lemon rind or orange peels Gloves (as a precaution)
Instructions: (a little bit dangerous to make so be cautious) Wear gloves Place all ingredients in the clay pot Pour some of the alcohol and put some extra sugar, wait until sugar is dissolved Set alight Place some of the alcohol and sugar in the ladle and drop it in the pot and repeat until spell complete
Queimada is a very popular Galician drink served at Halloween and St John’s Night celebrations
In Galicia, this drink is often served at celebrations or family gatherings. Halloween, which is Samain in the Celtic calendar, is a popular time for this drink to be prepared as well as on the night of the 23rd June which is known as ‘Witches Night’ or St John’s Night. So if you are walking the Camino over the 23rd June you might be lucky to experience this tradition.
Halloween in Spain
Halloween in Spain is not the consumer candy and costume-filled holiday that is usually associated with Halloween. Each region of Spain has its own customs and traditions for this holiday – which generally is a three-day event celebrating the lives of those who have passed away.
In Galicia, due to the region’s Celtic roots, Halloween is more popular and celebrated. It is called Noite dos Calacús (Night of the Pumpkins) and usually celebrated with pumpkin carving, costumes, and trick or treating. One of the Halloween highlights in Galicia is the Queimada.
If this has piqued your interest in traditions and festivals in Spain check out our Fiestas and Folklore in Santiago de Compostela here
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Originally published on 27th May 2015